前哨根据欧盟官网消息,10月4日,欧洲议会投票通过《非个人数据自由流动条例》(Regulation on the Free Flow of Non-personal Data),共有520名议员投票支持,另有81人投票反对。该条例旨在欧洲单一市场之内,消除非个人数据在储存和处理方面的地域限制,所谓的非个人数据主要包括机器生产和商业销售产生的数据。该条例有助于在欧盟单一数字市场战略下推动欧盟打造富有竞争力的数字经济。预计本条例将在今年年底生效。

  在此之前,2018年6月,欧洲议会、欧洲理事会和欧委会就非个人数据自由流动达成政治协议,允许数据在欧盟各地存储和处理而不受非公平限制影响。当时,欧委会副主席兼欧盟单一数字市场战略副总裁安德鲁斯•安西普(Andrus Ansip)曾指出,“数据本地化限制是保护主义的标志之一,在单一数字市场中则无处存在。在实现人力、产品、服务和资本的自由流动后,我们又迈出了新的一步,即就非个人数据的自由流动形成一致意见,该协议有助于驱动科技创新,产生新的商业模式,并为所有类型的数据创建欧洲数据空间。
  欧盟数字经济和社会专员玛利亚·加布里尔(Mariya Gabriel)认为,“数据是当今数字经济的支柱,该协议的形成有助于打造共同的欧洲数据空间。欧洲数字经济有望成为推动增长、创造新岗位、开启新商业模式和创新机会的强大驱动力。通过这项协议,我们距离2018年底完成数字单一市场又近一步。”
  据悉,欧盟非个人数据自由流动新条例将取消欧盟境内数据自由流动壁垒,推动欧洲经济在2020年达到GDP预估增长4%,并产生以下积极影响:1.确保数据跨境自由流动。新条例为数据在欧盟全境内存储和处理设立了框架,严禁数据本地化限制。非个人数据自由流动新条例不会对欧盟《通用数据保护条例》(GDPR)造成任何影响,因其不涵盖个人数据。但两条例会形成合力,将使个人和非个人数据实现自由流动,在此基础上形成单一的欧盟数据空间。2.确保监管控制的数据可用性。公共部门可访问欧盟任何地方存储和处理数据,并进行审查和监督控制。3.鼓励制定云服务行为准则。以便用户在云服务提供商设定明确服务截止日期之前,切换不同云服务提供商。这将使欧盟云服务市场更加灵活,数据服务更加实惠。

Joint statement by Vice-President Ansip and Commissioner Gabriel on the European Parliament's vote on the new EU rules facilitating the free flow of non-personal data
  Strasbourg, 4 October 2018
  The European Parliament adopted today a Regulation on the free flow of non-personal data proposed by the European Commission in September 2017. Vice-President for the Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip and Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society Mariya Gabriel welcomed the outcome in a joint statement:
  "We welcome today's vote at the European Parliament. A digital economy and society cannot exist without data and this Regulation concludes another key pillar of the Digital Single Market. Only if data flows freely can Europe get the best from the opportunities offered by digital progress and technologies such as artificial intelligence and supercomputers.  
  This Regulation does for non-personal data what the General Data Protection Regulation has already done for personal data: free and safe movement across the European Union.
  With its vote, the European Parliament has sent a clear signal to all businesses of Europe: it makes no difference where in the EU you store and process your data – data localisation requirements within the Member States are a thing of the past.
  The new rules will provide a major boost to the European data economy, as it opens up potential for European start-ups and SMEs to create new services through cross-border data innovation. This could lead to a 4% - or €739 billion - higher EU GDP until 2020 alone.
  Together with the General Data Protection Regulation, the Regulation on the free flow of non-personal data will allow the EU to fully benefit from today's and tomorrow's data-based global economy.”
  Background
  Since the Communication on the European Data Economy was adopted in January 2017 as part of the Digital Single Market strategy, the Commission has run a public online consultation, organised structured dialogues with Member States and has undertaken several workshops with different stakeholders. These evidence-gathering initiatives have led to the publication of an impact assessment.
  On 19 June 2018, the European Commission, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament reached a provisional political agreement on the Regulation on the free flow of non-personal data.
  This Regulation aimed at removing obstacles to the free movement of non-personal data. After today's positive vote in the European Parliament, the Council of the EU will adopt the Regulation in the coming weeks, before it will enter into force by the end of the year. Once formally adopted, Member States will have 6 months to apply the new rules.
  The Regulation on the free flow of non-personal data has no impact on the application of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), as it does not cover personal data. However, the two Regulations will function together to enable the free flow of any data – personal and non-personal – thus creating a single European space for data. In the case of a mixed dataset, the GDPR provision guaranteeing free flow of personal data will apply to the personal data part of the set, and the free flow of non-personal data principle will apply to the non-personal part.

 

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